Lithuanian renewable energy sector
Renewable energy: hydro energy

In the majority of EU Member States, only small hydro energy resources have remained unabsorbed. Meanwhile, in the new EU Member States, an average of 40 % of all hydro energy resources is used. In Lithuania, having regard to the technical–economic potential, approximately 25–35 % of these resources is used, and the situation in Poland is similar as well. However, taking due account of the absolute prohibitions to dam up the majority of rivers as applicable in Lithuania, only around 5 % is left for development.

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Renewable energy in Lithuania: development and future prospects

Based on the modern concept of renewable energy, it can be said that Lithuania has not inherited anything from the Soviet era, except for the Kaunas Hydroelectric Power Plant and firewood used by some households, mainly in rural areas, to produce heat and to cook food. 

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Electromobiles in Lithuania

In Lithuania, just like in the entire developed world, the emerging ecological consciousness determines the growing popularity of electromobiles. Based on the data provided by the state enterprise Regitra, the number of new electromobiles registered in Lithuania in 2016 exceeds threefold the number of these electric vehicles registered a year ago.

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Renewable energy. Biofuel

Over the years Lithuania has been faced with solving increasingly urgent problems related to high oil and gas prices, while using gas to heat the cities has become more and more expensive. The costly gas has promoted the installation of biofuel boilers with the EU financial support. Moreover, differently from the most world countries, Lithuania has a well-developed district heating sector. There are relatively large resources of biofuel which can be used without damage to nature. Lithuania is a country of a comparatively cold climate, and its economy is dominated by the services sector, while heavy industry is practically non-existent. Therefore the consumption of heat in the Lithuanian economy is almost two times larger than that of electricity.

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Renewable energy. Wind energy

Following the emergence of a system of public service obligations (PSO) in Lithuania in 2004, the principles of purchasing electricity from renewable sources, its quotas and prices were laid down. This system has enabled the development of renewable energy as a business.

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Renewable energy. Solar energy

The development of solar power plants in Lithuania began in 2011-2012. The country was faced with a paradoxical situation when legislation and national authorities were lagging behind the technological progress. The national solar energy policy was shaped at the time when the solar cell technology was quite expensive. With a view to implementing the EU directives, the state decided to set a very small quota for the purchase of energy from photovoltaic cell plants, or a mere 10 MW. This energy amount would be better described as a pilot one. Also a particularly high electricity purchase price of about EUR 0.45 per kWh was set on the basis of a 12-year payback period for the producer.

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