After regaining its independence at the end of the XX century, Lithuania encountered many challenges, one of which was the important problem of energy independence. Great effort was made to diversify the country's energy economy, and in just the last five years, Lithuania has managed to implement several especially important energy projects. The LNG terminal and the LitPol Link and NordBalt electrical connections that connected Lithuania to the Northern and Western energy systems all strengthened the country's energy independence.
Given the global dynamics in energy development and the agreement made during the Paris climate change conference, Lithuania is actively focusing its attention on renewable energy and alternative energy source application methods. Lithuania's obligation to the European Union to ensure, by 2020, that 23 percent of the country's gross energy consumption would be provided by renewable energy sources, has already been met, so it's important not just to maintain these achievements, but to improve on them. Lithuania has made great advances in heating and electrical energy production using biofuel, solar energy and hydro energy. New biomass processing and solar photovoltaic module production technologies are being developed. Lithuania currently has 2,428 power stations installed that produce energy with renewable resources. In 2015, these power stations used renewable energy sources to produce about 35% of all of the electrical energy produced in Lithuania in 2015. Next-generation solar panel manufacturing is becoming more and more widespread in Lithuania. The BOD group, whose “glass – glass” modules generate 12% more electricity than their competitors’ closest analogs, are successfully implementing projects in Malaysia and elsewhere.
Lithuania is saving heating energy by quickly renovating its apartment buildings, and very environmentally friendly active and passive building concepts are also being developed. We can boast of having the first BREEAM-certified sports arena (Žalgiris Arena in Kaunas). The Lithuanian Government is looking to encourage manufacturing companies to reduce the intensity of their electrical consumption. It has planned support for innovations in the installation of energy production capabilities that make use of renewable energy resources and for the creation and implementation of new technologies that make efficient use of renewable energy resources. The state's strategy also aims to increase investments in the improvement of electric automobile infrastructure (for example, electric buses are already being built in Klaipėda). As soon as 2017, several tens of rapid charging stations will be installed on highways and 150 access points will be built in cities to expand the electric automobile network.
More and more businesses are accepting the best practices of the green energy field by implementing environmentally friendly work conditions. State institutions and municipalities haven't been left behind, either. For example, the Ministry of Environment is using the EMAS system, which encourages efficient energy use. The use of LED technologies for lighting is becoming more and more widespread, water use is being reduced by replacing sanitary facilities, public transportation is being modernized, bicycles are becoming more popular, etc. Vilnius' Orange Bicycles, which later evolved into CycloCity, and the electric “gas station” network spreading throughout Lithuania are just a few examples of how traditional elements can be successfully integrated into cities' systems and contribute to a cleaner environment.